After resisting for years, Turkey reluctantly joined the U.S.-led coalition against the Islamic State in July 2015. Turkey’s recognition of the threat that ISIS poses along its own borders convinced Ankara its own security is in danger. Turkey’s misguided anger resulted in stronger air strikes against the Kurdistan Worker’s Party (PKK), up until now an ally in the battle against ISIS, instead of against ISIS due to Turkey’s fear of Kurdish nationalism and the growing presence of Kurdish parties in the Turkish parliament. As ISIS poses the largest threat to Turkey’s security, the Turkish government must shift its focus from air strikes against Kurdish targets and begin targeting ISIS strongholds.
Germany and France are the center of the European integration project. France was originally the most powerful; however, due to unparalleled economic growth, Germany is now in control. This shift in dynamics caused speculation that the relationship is on the verge of a breakdown. This speculation is incorrect as the Franco-German alliance is as strong as ever.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) failed to consider the root causes of gender inequality and the holistic nature of development. Fifteen years later, women are still fighting for their rights and equality. As the international development community turns toward the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it must give special attention to gender equality and female empowerment.
Greece may be pursuing closer relations with Russia to counterbalance European pressure for austerity. However, despite Greece’s disenchantment with the EU, Russia will not be Greece’s financial savior.
On June 24, the Brookings Institution held its first Brookings Debate, with three respected foreign policy analysts and a U.S. senator discussing whether the United States should put boots on the ground to fight the ISIS. Both sides provided persuasive arguments and offered well-informed perspectives, yet several key questions remain.
Sam Worthington, president and CEO of InterAction, delivered poignant remarks and anecdotes on the state of sustainable development at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).